Mediterranean-Style Diet Cuts Heart Risks

First major clinical trial bolsters evidence of benefit.

For the first time, a large, randomized clinical trial has found that a Mediter-ranean-style diet can sharply reduce the risk of heart attacks, strokes and deaths from heart disease. Previous observational-only studies have suggested a benefit from adopting a diet rich in olive oil, nuts, legumes, fish and produce, including wine in moderation, but low in red and processed meat, full-fat dairy and commercial baked goods. This new clinical trial, however, surprised experts with the degree of risk reduction—almost 30%—associated with the Mediterranean eating regimen. The re-sults were so compelling that the study was ended early, after about five years, because researchers concluded it would be unethical to withhold the findings.

“This was a nice demonstration that consuming a diet consistent with current guidelines, whether it is called a Mediter-ranean-style diet or heart-healthy diet, is efficacious,” says Alice H Lichtenstein, DSc, director of Tufts’ HNRCA Cardiovascular Nutrition Laboratory.”

To read more please go here to the Article from Tufts University Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy from June 2013.

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